Stabilini, 2021

2021 - Int J Mol Sci. 2021 Aug 9;22(16):8578. doi: 10.3390/ijms22168578.PMID: 34445284

Anion and Cation Permeability of the Mouse TMEM16F Calcium-Activated Channel.

Stabilini S, Menini A, Pifferi S.


TMEM16F is involved in several physiological processes, such as blood coagulation, bone development and virus infections. This protein acts both as a Ca2+-dependent phospholipid scramblase and a Ca2+-activated ion channel but several studies have reported conflicting results about the ion selectivity of the TMEM16F-mediated current. Here, we have performed a detailed side-by-side comparison of the ion selectivity of TMEM16F using the whole-cell and inside-out excised patch configurations to directly compare the results. In inside-out configuration, Ca2+-dependent activation was fast and the TMEM16F-mediated current was activated in a few milliseconds, while in whole-cell recordings full activation required several minutes. We determined the relative permeability between Na+ and Cl¯ (PNa/PCl) using the dilution method in both configurations. The TMEM16F-mediated current was highly nonselective, but there were differences depending on the configuration of the recordings. In whole-cell recordings, PNa/PCl was approximately 0.5, indicating a slight preference for Cl¯ permeation. In contrast, in inside-out experiments the TMEM16F channel showed a higher permeability for Na+ with PNa/PCl reaching 3.7. Our results demonstrate that the time dependence of Ca2+ activation and the ion selectivity of TMEM16F depend on the recording configuration.


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