Pampaloni 2017

2017 - Nanomedicine. 2017 May 25. pii: S1549-9634(17)30082-5. doi: 10.1016/j.nano.2017.01.020.

Sculpting neurotransmission during synaptic development by 2D nanostructured interfaces

Pampaloni NP, Scaini D, Perissinotto F, Bosi S, Prato M, Ballerini L

Abstract:

Carbon nanotube-based biomaterials critically contribute to the design of many prosthetic devices, with a particular impact in the development of bioelectronics components for novel neural interfaces. These nanomaterials combine excellent physical and chemical properties with peculiar nanostructured topography, thought to be crucial to their integration with neural tissue as long-term implants. The junction between carbon nanotubes and neural tissue can be particularly worthy of scientific attention and has been reported to significantly impact synapse construction in cultured neuronal networks. In this framework, the interaction of 2D carbon nanotube platforms with biological membranes is of paramount importance. Here we study carbon nanotube ability to interfere with lipid membrane structure and dynamics in cultured hippocampal neurons. While excluding that carbon nanotubes alter the homeostasis of neuronal membrane lipids, in particular cholesterol, we document in aged cultures an unprecedented functional integration between carbon nanotubes and the physiological maturation of the synaptic circuits.

 

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