Nasrabady 2011

2011 - Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 2011, 31, 503-508

Effects of 6(5H)phenanthridinone, an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 activity (PARP-1), on locomotor networks of the rat isolated spinal cord

S. E. Nasrabady, A. Kuzhandaivel, M. Mladinic and A. Nistri

Abstract:

Excitotoxicity is considered to be a major pathophysiological mechanism responsible for extensive neuronal death after acute spinal injury. The chief effector of such a neuronal death is thought to be the hyperactivation of intracellular PARP-1 that leads to cell energy depletion and DNA damage with the manifestation of non-apoptotic cell death termed parthanatos. An in vitro lesion model using the neonatal rat spinal cord has recently shown PARP-1 overactivity to be closely related to neuronal losses after an excitotoxic challenge by kainate: in this system the PARP-1 inhibitor 6(5H)-phenanthridinone (PHE) appeared to be a moderate histological neuroprotector. This article investigated whether PHE could actually preserve the function of locomotor networks in vitro from excitotoxicity. Bath-applied PHE (after a 60 min kainate application) failed to recover locomotor network function 24 h later. When the PHE administration was advanced by 30 min (during the administration of kainate), locomotor function could still not be recovered, while basic network rhythmicity persisted. Histochemical analysis showed that, even if the number of surviving neurons was improved with this protocol, it had failed to reach the threshold of minimal network membership necessary for expressing locomotor patterns. These results suggest that PARP-1 hyperactivity was a rapid onset mechanism of neuronal loss after an excitotoxic challenge and that more selective and faster-acting PARP-1 inhibitors are warranted to explore their potential neuroprotective role.

 

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