Nasrabady, 2012

2012 - Neuropharmacology 2012, 63, 415-426.

Unusual increase in lumbar network excitability of the rat spinal cord evoked by the PARP-1 inhibitor PJ-34 through inhibition of glutamate uptake.

S.E. Nasrabady, A. Kuzhandaivel, A. Akrami, E. Bianchetti, M. Milanese, G. Bonanno G. and A. Nistri. 


Overactivity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase enzyme 1 (PARP-1) is suggested to be a major contributor to neuronal damage following brain or spinal cord injury, and has led to study the PARP-1 inhibitor 2-(dimethylamino)-N-(5,6-dihydro-6-oxophenanthridin-2yl)acetamide (PJ-34) as a neuroprotective agent. Unexpectedly, electrophysiological recording from the neonatal rat spinal cord in vitro showed that, under control conditions, 1-60 μM PJ-34 per se strongly increased spontaneous network discharges occurring synchronously on ventral roots, persisting for 24 h even after PJ-34 washout. The PARP-1 inhibitor PHE had no similar effect. The action by PJ-34 was reversibly suppressed by glutamate ionotropic receptor blockers and remained after applying strychnine and bicuculline. Fictive locomotion evoked by neurochemicals or by dorsal root stimulation was present 24 h after PJ-34 application. In accordance with this observation, lumbar neurons and glia were undamaged. Neurochemical experiments showed that PJ-34 produced up to 33% inhibition of synaptosomal glutamate uptake with no effect on GABA uptake. In keeping with this result, the glutamate uptake blocker TBOA (5 μM) induced long-lasting synchronous discharges without suppressing the ability to produce fictive locomotion after 24 h. The novel inhibition of glutamate uptake by PJ-34 suggested that this effect may compound tests for its neuroprotective activity which cannot be merely attributed to PARP-1 block. Furthermore, the current data indicate that the neonatal rat spinal cord could withstand a strong, long-lasting rise in network excitability without compromising locomotor pattern generation or circuit structure in contrast with the damage to brain circuits known to be readily produced by persistent seizures.


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