Gonzalez-Velandia, 2022

2022 - Sci Rep. 2022 Jul 6;12(1):11447. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-15572-1.PMID: 35794236

Expression pattern of Stomatin-domain proteins in the peripheral olfactory system.

Gonzalez-Velandia KY, Hernandez-Clavijo A, Menini A, Dibattista M, Pifferi S.



Recent data show that Stomatin-like protein 3 (STOML3), a member of the stomatin-domain family, is expressed in the olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) where it modulates both spontaneous and evoked action potential firing. The protein family is constituted by other 4 members (besides STOML3): STOM, STOML1, STOML2 and podocin. Interestingly, STOML3 with STOM and STOML1 are expressed in other peripheral sensory neurons: dorsal root ganglia. In here, they functionally interact and modulate the activity of the mechanosensitive Piezo channels and members of the ASIC family. Therefore, we investigated whether STOM and STOML1 are expressed together with STOML3 in the OSNs and whether they could interact. We found that all three are indeed expressed in ONSs, although STOML1 at very low level. STOM and STOML3 share a similar expression pattern and STOML3 is necessary for STOM to properly localize to OSN cilia. In addition, we extended our investigation to podocin and STOML2, and while the former is not expressed in the olfactory system, the latter showed a peculiar expression pattern in multiple cell types. In summary, we provided a first complete description of stomatin-domain protein family in the olfactory system, highlighting the precise compartmentalization, possible interactions and, finally, their functional implications.


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